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Monday, October 19, 2020 | History

4 edition of Maternal effects in development found in the catalog.

Maternal effects in development

the fourth symposium of the British Society for Developmental Biology

by British Society for Developmental Biology.

  • 238 Want to read
  • 19 Currently reading

Published by Cambridge University Press in Cambridge, Eng, New York .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Maternal-fetal exchange -- Congresses.,
  • Developmental biology -- Congresses.,
  • Fetus -- Congresses.,
  • Maternal-fetal exchange -- Congresses.,
  • Embryology -- Congresses.

  • Edition Notes

    Statementedited by D. R. Newth & M. Balls.
    ContributionsNewth, D. R., Balls, Michael.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsQL971 .B77 1979
    The Physical Object
    Paginationvii, 420 p. :
    Number of Pages420
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL4751194M
    ISBN 100521226856
    LC Control Number78073812

    This chapter presents an overview of potential maternal effects on behavioral development, including pre- and postnatal effects of social experiences, stress, and seasonality on the expression of developing phenotypes. It suggests that maternal effects will have a selective advantage when they increase the survival and reproductive success of offspring.   Evolutionary maternal effects occur whenever a mother’s phenotypic traits directly affect her offspring’s phenotype, independent of the offspring’s genotype. Some of the phenotypic traits that result in maternal effects have a genetic basis, whereas others are environmentally determined. For example, the size of a litter produced by a mammalian mother—a trait with a strong genetic.

    In a review written in , I noted that there was a paucity of research examining the effects of maternal employment on the infant and young child and also that longitudinal studies of the effects of maternal em­ ployment were needed (Hoffman, ). In the last 10 years, there has been a flurry.   Maternal Stress and the Effects on Childhood Development Lonna Larger Ohio University Maternal Stress and the Effects on Childhood Development In conducting my research on developmental studies, I had the chance to review many academic journals with many different studies. I chose to read, “The Role of Prenatal Maternal Stress in Child Development,” by Janet ro in the, Current.

    Maternal care has been shown to affect the development of the brain, behaviour, social skills and emotional systems of the young of many mammalian species including dogs. The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of maternal care on the behavioural responses of family dog puppies towards environmental and social stimuli. In order to do this, maternal care (licking puppy’s ano. Maternal depression is considered a risk factor for the socioemotional and cognitive development of current prevalence of depression in Canada averages at 6%, which is similar to the rates in other western countries (the female-to-male ratio average is ).However, the prevalence of postpartum depression is approximately 13%.Women of childbearing age are particularly at risk.


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Maternal effects in development by British Society for Developmental Biology. Download PDF EPUB FB2

Most known maternal effect mutations cause lethality; that is, mothers homozygous for the mutations lay eggs that can be fertilized but arrest during development.

Studies of maternal effect lethal mutations have revealed two kinds of maternal effects based on tests for maternal sufficiency and necessity. A maternal effect is a situation where the phenotype of an organism is determined not only by the environment it experiences and its genotype, but also by the environment and genotype of its genetics, maternal effects occur when an organism shows the phenotype expected from the genotype of the mother, irrespective of its own genotype, often due to the mother supplying messenger RNA.

The purpose of this book is to review the basic science and clinical findings concerning maternal substance abuse and the developing nervous system of unborn children.

The short-term but vitally significant repercussions of such exposure on biological development, with particular reference to the nervous system, are discussed. This book explores the wide variety of maternal effects that have evolved in plants and animals as mechanisms of adaptation to temporally and spatially heterogeneous environments.

Topics range from the evolutionary implications of maternal effects to the assessment and measurement of maternal effects. Four detailed case studies are also included.5/5(1). Maternal Effects in Mammals is an authoritative volume that provides a comprehensive review of new developments on a topic of importance in evolutionary biology, developmental psychology, and biomedical research.

Maternal effects are defined here as effects of the mother’s phenotype on offspring phenotype, separate from the direct effects of genes inherited from the : Lynn A.

Fairbanks. Maternal nutrition plays a critical role in f etal growth and development. Although considerable effort has been directed towards defining nutrient requirements of animals over the past 30 years. 2. Ten years later. Maternal effects in development book of parental effects: conceptual issues and empirical patterns.

This theme issue grew from recognition that now—10 years after the landmark publication Maternal effects as adaptations (Mousseau & Fox a)—is the time to bring together scientists with a common interest in the wider implications of maternal effects in order to provide a synthesis on the most.

Evolutionary maternal effects occur whenever a mother’s phenotypic traits directly affect her offspring’s phenotype, independent of the offspring’s genotype. Some of the phenotypic traits that result in maternal effects have a genetic basis, whereas others are environmentally determined.

For example, the size of a litter produced by a mammalian mother—a trait with a strong genetic. “Katie’s work is the first to connect maternal-infant interaction with epigenetic change in the human oxytocin system,” Connelly said.

“This foundational work allows us to begin experiments to describe the precise mechanisms through which this change occurs, determine how long change can happen, and, of course, the downstream effects of this change from infants to adults.”.

For example, quite different effects on children have been linked to constructive, destructive and depressive interparental conflicts. 26 Second, longitudinal research across different developmental periods is needed to understand the short-term and long-term consequences of maternal depression for family functioning and children’s development.

Maternal Effects in Mammals - Kindle edition by Maestripieri, Dario, Mateo, Jill M. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Maternal Effects in cturer: University of Chicago Press.

Maternal Effects in Mammals will serve as the most comprehensive compendium on and stimulus for interdisciplinary treatments of mammalian maternal effects. Maternal influences on development, social relationships and survival behaviors This book will be useful to anyone studying maternal effects in any species, Author: Dario Maestripieri.

The effects of alcohol exposure on fetal development. Fetal Development: Research on Brain and Behavior, Environmental Influences, and Emerging Technologies is an essential resource for researchers, clinicians and related professionals, as well as students in a wide range of fields such as developmental psychology, pediatric and obstetrical.

Child and maternal contributions to shared reading: Effects on language and literacy development Article in Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology 27(1) February with Reads. Maternal constraints on development / J.

Cohen --Maternal effects and plastid inheritance / R.A.E. Tilney-Bassett and O.A.L. Abdel-Wahab --Transcription during amphibian oogenesis / J. Sommerville --Accumulation of materials involved in rapid chromosomal replication in early amphibian development / R.A.

Laskey, J.B. Gurdon and M. Trendelenburg. The Specificity of Environmental Influence: Socioeconomic Status Affects Early Vocabulary Development Via Maternal Speech Erika Hoff The hypothesis was tested that children whose families differ in socioeconomic status (SES) differ in their rates of productive vocabulary development because they have different language-learning experiences.

Prenatal Development: Environmental Influences (cont) •Maternal factors –Drug intake •Medical drugs –Thalidomide» Taken from to ’s for morning sickness» 10, –20, children born in 46 countries»miscarried» Predominantly Germany and Great Britain American Academy of Pediatrics committee on Drugs.

There is evidence of long‐term effects of early maternal time inputs on later outcomes, especially in the case of cognitive skill development. In the case of non‐cognitive development, the evidence of this long‐term impact disappears when we account for skill persistence. Implementation Partner.

The Public Health Informatics Institute (PHII) external icon, a program of The Task Force for Global Health, serves as the implementation partner for the MAT-LINK project. The MAT-LINK Partners Group includes clinical and public health organizations, as well as federal agencies that have an interest in maternal and child health, child development, substance use, and.

T1 - The impact of maternal/child nutrition on cognitive development. T2 - Prevention implications. AU - Georgieff, Michael K. PY - /1/1. Y1 - /1/1. N2 - The research that supports the concept that maternal and child nutrition status has a significant impact on childhood cognitive development has a long and compelling history.

A child’s early home environment has long-term effects on development. A child’s early home environment has a profound effect on his well-being. Beginning in infancy, a problematic home environment can disrupt the brain’s stress response system, reduce the quality of caregiving a child receives, and interfere with healthy developmentMaternal health is the health of women during pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum encompasses the health care dimensions of family planning, preconception, prenatal, and postnatal care in order to ensure a positive and fulfilling experience, in most cases, and reduce maternal morbidity and mortality, in other cases.Cambridge Core - Obstetrics and Gynecology, Reproductive Medicine - Maternal-Fetal Nutrition During Pregnancy and Lactation - edited by Michael E.

Symonds.